Bambusa nutans Wall. ex Munro

Bambusa crinita Thomson, Arundarbor nutans (Wallich ex Munro) Kuntze
Common Name: Bidhuli (Assam); Kali, Beng, Makla (Tripura); Badia bansa (Orissa), Malla (UP), Mahi bans (Sikkim), Utang (Manipur), Rungazumi (Nagaland)

Bamboo Morphology Culms : Tufted Height: 6-15m  Diameter:5-10cm  Culm Color: Green
Internode Length: 25 - 45cm  Culm Sheath Colour: 10-23cm long with appressed scattered black, base with soft deciduous hairs, top truncateligule at the top of the sheath, large, wavy, unequal in size, one erect and the others decurrent, both fringed,long curved bristles base rounded, margin recurved adaxial surface clothed with appressed brownish black hairs, young shoots yellowish green at apex,sheaths covered sparsely with dark brown and yellow hairs.

Length of Leaf: 15- 25cm  Breadth of Leaf : 15- 25cm  Leaf Shape: Linear lanceolate

Habitat: Evergreen and semi-evergreen forests  Altitude: 600 -1500m  Soil: Sandy loam soils, residual soil

Native to: Nepal
Introduced to: Orissa,West Bengal, Bangladesh, Thailand, Himachal, Sikkim, Utter Pradesh, West Bengal, Kerala, Karnataka

Description of Inflorescence and Flower: Stiff panicle bearing spicate branches with clusters of stiff erect spikelets in bracteate heads rachis smooth. Spikelets, many sterile,few fertile, flowering glumes ovate, acute,mucronate many nerved,minutely hairy within palea shorter than flowering glume,flattened,ovate,2-keeled,with the long white ciliae on the edges of the keels overlapping , rachillae clavate, hairy and ciliate at the top,Ovary sub obovate stalked, glabrous below pubescent above,style short, pubescent, stigmas 2-3 shortly plumose twisted nearly glabrous.
Flowering Cycle: 35 years  Flowering Reported:1979 - 80,1987 - 88

Propagation:Culm cuttings

Uses: Decoration, pulp and paper, poles, rafters

References: Seethalakshmi K. K, 1998; Manual for establishment and management of bamboo plantations, march 2005